PINGUECULA  It is a small yellowish projection the volume of which does not exceed(overtake) that of a lens.   Of triangular shape, on base(basis) against the cornea, she(it) is trained(formed) not by some fat, but by a heap of epithelial cells and some connective tissue.  She(It) […]


      THE PTERIGIUM It is a conjunctival training in the shape of triangle. It can remain still, or progress slowly in several years towards the center of the cornea. It is more frequent in the occupations exposed to the bad weather, to the sun, to the dusts, to […]


      The conjunctiva is the membrane lining the front side of the eyeball and the posterior faces of the lids . Conjunctivitis is the result of an infection or inflammation. The agent may be a microbe , virus, allergic processes , or a fungus .   Whatever the […]


        BLEPHARITIS   They are the inflammations of eyelids. Often they cause redness, itches, oedema ( thickened eyelids), pains, scales in eyelashes (cilia). They are due to germs, or allergies, or microorganisms accommodated in the base of eyelashes(cilia) ((DEMODEX FOLLICURUM, LICE)   TREATMENT They are treated with collyrium and creams […]


        MEIBOMIAN CYST It is a tumefaction situated in full eyelid or in its edge, unique or multiple. Developed at the cost of a fine gland situated in the thickness of the eyelid and which is joined in the palpebral free edge. It is treated by Antibiotic […]


     TOP : In general there is an tear of the retina before the detachment. DOWN : Normal fundus with normal situation of the retina. The retina is formed by leaves  as paper CLINEX, which can part: the leaf intern says sensory retina because it contains cones and sticks, […]

ARMD or Age-related macular degeneration

        The Macular Degeneration related to the Age is the cause of the evil clairvoyance the most spread in the developed countries. She(it) would reach(affect) the 20 % of the population according to certain estimations.   This dimmed vision appears generally after the age of 50 years; […]


        TUMORS The retinoblastoma is a highly malignant malignant tumor affecting(touching) essentially the infant and the young child. It is a genetically determined tumor. The gene of the retinoblastoma sits on the chromosome 13 q.   So that the tumor develops both alleles of the gene have […]


  THE ISHIHARA TEST BOOK.         THE COLOR VISION colorblind They see more or less gray, but not true color , not particularly distinguish red and green. As with optical coatings that do not heal as refractive errors , why not think to treatment of congenital dyschromatopties […]


    Without prismatic glasses the head is turned.   Certain persons have eyes which move ceaselessly; their eyes are livened up(led) by ceaseless oscillations; they can exist from the birth or appear later mostly in neurological pathologies.   FORMS   The most frequent are the nystagmus where eyes move […]